- Black, J. T., and Kohser, R. A., 2019, DeGarmo’s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 13th Edition.
- American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM D)
- International Standard ISO 22762-1:2010
- AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Customary U.S. Units, 7th edition
- European Standard EN 1337-3:2005