Evaluating the Principles of Building Construction in the Vicinity of Railways

Document Type : Education


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


Usually the vibrations caused by the movement of the train on the line are divided into two categories: ground and air. Ground vibrations propagate around the line, inside the ground, and vibrate in any object they reach. These vibrations in the body are converted to other types of vibrations and displacements or heat, or changes in the environment. In some areas, there are buildings near the line, where the vibrations cause secondary vibrations, structural problems, and annoying noise. Several factors affect the transmission of vibrations due to the movement of the train to the surrounding buildings. One of these factors is the length of the transmission path, which is inversely proportional to the level of vibration created in the body. In order to reduce ground vibrations caused by the movement of trains in buildings, first, the background of the technical literature on the subject has been studied. In the following, some solutions have been developed in the path of vibration transmission and then these solutions have been expanded by the brainstorming method and new solutions have been presented. There are suggestions for construction that are mentioned in the results for the most critical situation, namely the construction of a high-speed railway station with an iron wheel on an iron railway.


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